Bulgaria’s old capital and the place of fantastic historic fights occupies a remarkable hillside place with the Yantra river winding with it. The whole town is postcard quite in any season, though spring and fall are the best for sightseeing as Tarnovo is also among the country’s best locations in the summertime and among the coldest in winter season.
The fairly well kept medieval Tsarevets citadel is one of the most seen historic website in the country. There is a lot more to see in Veliko Tarnovo than Tsarevets, however, and those vacationers which only visit in their air-conditioned trainers to tick off this box are missing the laid-back setting of this charming community.
Be ready to offer your feet a great slamming and wear sensible footwears as you check out the cobbled streets and marvel at your houses built into the rocks looming the stream. Be forewarned that there are little, if no, facilities for the disabled.
The community’s golden age came with the declaration of independence from the Byzantine empire in 1185 by the local Boliar (an aristocratic title) siblings Ivan Assen and Peter in Veliko Tarnovo. They ultimately performed a two-year fight with the empire to secure Bulgaria’s flexibility and in 1187 the 2nd Bulgarian Kingdom was birthed, with its resources Turnovgrad (Veliko Tarnovo), and the siblings became Tsars. The 4th ‘Assen’ is Ivan Assen II, the boy of Ivan Assen, who reigned from 1218 to 1241 and brought the Kingdom to new elevations, conquering neighbouring lands that offered it gain access to not only to the Black Sea but additionally to the Aegean and Adriatic seas.
The city was built on 3 hillsides: Tsarevets, Trapezitsa and Sveta Gora. Tsarevets and Trapezitsa developed an ‘innner city’ bordered by impenetrable wall surfaces, where the royal palace, residence of the Patriarch (head of the church) and many places of worship were situated, along with the marvelous estates of the high-level upper class, while an ‘outer city’, also strengthened, spread to Assenova Mahala by the stream where the specialists lived and the neighborhood of foreign investors. Just the poorest folks lived outside the wall surfaces. The 2nd Bulgarian Kingdom came to an end in 1393 when Turnovgrad was up to the Ottoman Turk troops after a three month seige therefore began nearly 500 years of social, spiritual and political stagnancy till the National Rebirth motion began to awaken the Bulgarians’ sense of national pride as the Ottoman Empire’s strength waned. The liberation of Bulgaria in 1877 once again placed Turnovo at the center of political life. As the new resources city it was the spot where the initial Bulgarian constitution was composed, the initial ‘Great’ National Setting up happened and Prince Alexander Battenberg was elected head of state. It ceded its title of resources to Sofia in 1879.
The name Tarnovo (commonly written Turnovo) is thought ahead from the Slavic word ‘trun’, indicating thorn, though other concepts connect it to the roman word for fortress. The word ‘Veliko’, indicating ‘fantastic’, was officially simply added in 1966.