Temple of the Sagrada Família Barcelona - Spain

Temple of the Sagrada Familia Barcelona

Josep Maria Bocabella Verdaguer (1815-1892) was a bookshop owner who, moved by his great mercy, was inspired and felt the vehement desire to organize what he gave the name to of the Association of Devotes of Saint Joseph.

Temple of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona

In 1881 the Association bought a whole block of Barcelona’s Eixample district within the municipalit of Sant Martí de Provençals.

The early project for the Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia was produced by the architect Francesc de Paula del Villar y Lozano in 1882, project that was interrupted in 1883 after the disagreements between Villar and the architect advising Bocabella, Joan Martorell Montells.

sagrada familia the most famous masterpiece of antoni gaudi

The direction of the works was offered to Martorell who for reasons of politeness did not accept, but he proposed his former assistant Antoni Gaudi. From then on the temple took on a different form ant spirit, the Villar project being consigned to oblivion. Continue reading “Temple of the Sagrada Família Barcelona – Spain

Fontana di Trevi - Italy

Fontana di Trevi rome italyThe Trevi Fountain (Italian: Fontana di Trevi) is a fountain in the Trevi rione in Rome, Italy. Standing 26 metres (85.3 feet) high and 20 metres (65.6 feet) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. This impressive monument dominates the small Trevi square located in the Quirinale district.
Aqua Virgo
The Trevi fountain is at the ending part of the Aqua Virgo, an aqueduct constructed in 19 BC. It brings water all the way from the Salone Springs (approx 20km from Rome) and supplies the fountains in the historic center of Rome with water.
Construction of the Fountain
In 1732, Pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi to create a large fountain at the Trevi Square. A previous undertaking to build the fountain after a design by Bernini was halted a century earlier after the death of Pope Urban VIII. Salvi based his theatrical masterpiece on this design. Construction of the monumental baroque fountain was finally completed in 1762.
fontana di trevi rome italyThe Fountain
The central figure of the fountain, in front of a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea. He is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell, pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One of the horses is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea.
On the left hand side of Neptune is a statue representing Abundance, the statue on the right represents Salubrity.  Above the sculptures are bas-reliefs, one of them shows Agrippa, the general who built the aqueduct that carries water to the fountain.
Tossing a Coin
The water at the bottom of the fountain represents the sea. Legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water. You should toss it over your shoulder with your back to the fountain.