Moskovskyi Bridge - Kiev - Ukraine

moskovskyi bridge in kievMoskovskyi Bridge is 816 meters long, was designed by the architect A. V. Dobrovolsky and engineer G. B. Fux and was built in 1976.

It is a cable-stayed bridge, with the beam of the main span being held by a cluster of steel ropes which are fixed to a 115 meters tall A-pylon.

The bridge consists of two spans: a 816 m (2,677 ft) long and 31.4 m (103 ft) wide span across the Dnieper and a 732 m (2,402 ft) long, 29.1 m (95 ft) wide span across the Desyonka, a Dnieper tributary.

The bridge is connecting Petrovka to the densely populated north-eastern residential neighborhoods. From the moment of its construction the bridge was built as a high-speed motorway, which it remains to this day.
Moskovskyi Bridge Kiev Attraction Continue reading “Moskovskyi Bridge – Kiev – Ukraine

Temple of the Sagrada Família Barcelona - Spain

Temple of the Sagrada Familia Barcelona

Josep Maria Bocabella Verdaguer (1815-1892) was a bookshop owner who, moved by his great mercy, was inspired and felt the vehement desire to organize what he gave the name to of the Association of Devotes of Saint Joseph.

Temple of the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona

In 1881 the Association bought a whole block of Barcelona’s Eixample district within the municipalit of Sant Martí de Provençals.

The early project for the Expiatory Temple of the Sagrada Familia was produced by the architect Francesc de Paula del Villar y Lozano in 1882, project that was interrupted in 1883 after the disagreements between Villar and the architect advising Bocabella, Joan Martorell Montells.

sagrada familia the most famous masterpiece of antoni gaudi

The direction of the works was offered to Martorell who for reasons of politeness did not accept, but he proposed his former assistant Antoni Gaudi. From then on the temple took on a different form ant spirit, the Villar project being consigned to oblivion. Continue reading “Temple of the Sagrada Família Barcelona – Spain

Church of the Colónia Güell - Spain

Church of the Colónia Güell Santa Coloma de Cervelló – Spain

This church was for the workers of the Colónia Güell industrial village (Santa Coloma de Cervelló,Barcelona), from which it gets its name. The church of Santa Coloma became one of the most-loved of Gaudí’s project’s, and was a type of laboratory for technical tests, of which he later made use of in the Sagrada Família.entrance to the church of the Colonia Guell

Gaudí’s idea is extremely complex, and the church was designed and detailed with the utmost care. Once again the architect thought about the need to unite the monument with its natural setting, and this is the only compositional element used in this work. According to Ràfols the commission for the job dates back to 1898, but it was not until 1908 that the first stone was solemnly laid. The work continued at a very slow pace until 1917, when they were stopped due to the difficulties arising from the Great War. In 1918 Eusebi Güell died in his home in Park Güell, which also meant the end of the work on the church of the industrial village since his heirs, particularly Santiago Güell, were not at all keen on finishing the building. By then the crypt was covered and the stone doorways of the upper church in place. The conception of this church followed lines until then unknown by the architectural profession. Gaudí did not limit himself to drawing and sketching, but tested out a completely new procedure.Firstly he outlined the ideal form of the church that had to have a concentrated ground plan and acute towers; over this first draft Gaudi composed a structure by means of a very simple, but quite brilliant, procedure. He calculated the loads that would have to rest on the arches and pillars and made some small canvas bags filled with pellets, with a weight ten thousand times lighter than the calculated load. He hung these bags from strings that described the forms of the arches at a scale of 1:10. With this, and using a geometric property of this type of curve, he discovered a form called catenary. He took a photograph, which on reversing, produced the suitable and functional form of the arches. In other words, he built the arch precisely from the form of the curve of the pressures.

brick pillars in front of the church

The crypt of the Colónia Güell brings together Gaudí’s artistic plenitude. A portico with paraboloid vaults precedes the church and below another is in the form of a grotto, a constant element in the architecture of Gaudí. The windows, which seem like the open mouths of giant fish, are hyperboloids, and inside the pillars alternate between circular section brick and inclined natural basalt stone from Castellfollit de la Roca (Garrotxa), hardly smoothed down, giving an impressive expressionist effect. Gaudí explained that in the book of Exodus, God, from the burning bush, said to Moses, “If you make me an altar of stone do no carve it with a chisel because metal makes stone impure”. For this reason the pieces of basalt were worked with wooden mallets. Continue reading “Church of the Colónia Güell – Spain

Episcopal Palace - Astorga - Spain

Episcopal Palace Garden View

Joan Baptista Grau Vallespinos was appointed Bishop of Astorga in 1886, in the province of Leon, after having been Vicar-General of the Archdiocese of Tarragona for some years. Shortly after taking possession of the mitre of Astorga the Episcopal palace burnt down and the newly-appointed bishop entrusted his fellow citizen of the Tarragona region, Gaudi, with the project for the new palace and residence. Continue reading “Episcopal Palace – Astorga – Spain

Casa Vicens - Spain Barcelona

Casa Vicens – Barcelona – Spain

Gaudi's casa vinces BarcelonaCasa Vicens is in Carrer Carolines. The main Façade had a gallery (now modified) that was closed by some large hinged wooden shutters, and in the centre was placed an old Renaissance basin with a type of metallic spider`s web, over which the water splashed and, with the sun, divided up into the colours of the rainbow. Opposite this façade he built the waterfall that was demolished in 1946. Continue reading “Casa Vicens – Barcelona – Spain