Grand Canyon most famous tourist attraction in the United States of America
Grand Canyon is a gorge of the Colorado River, located in the northern part of the Arizona state, United States of America. It is contained within and managed by Grand Canyon National Park, the Hualapai Tribal Nation, and the Havasupai Tribe. The park is one of three national parks located in Arizona (the other two being Petrified Forest and Saguaro). The Grand Canyon is 277 miles (446 km) long, up to 18 miles (29 km) wide and attains a depth of over a mile (6,000 feet / 1,800 metres). Also, the Grand Canyon is one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World.
The first European known to have viewed the Grand Canyon was the explorer García López de Cárdenas from Spain, who arrived in 1540, guided by Hopi Indians, who were searching for fabled golden cities.
Recent evidence suggests the Colorado River established its course through the canyon at least 17 million years ago. Since that time, the Colorado River continued to erode and form the canyon to its present-day configuration.
In the early 1880’s the first tourist facilities – a log cabin in the what is now Grand Canyon Village (built by John Hance). In 1884 the first hotel was built, at the bottom of the canyon. By 1905 Grand Canyon village had begun to grow and the El Tovar hotel had been designed and built.
Grand Canyon National Park contains some of the most interesting trails in the national park system. Some are extremely challenging and even dangerous, while others require less effort but afford access to some of the most interesting and spectacular scenery in the world.
Efforts to preserve the canyon began before the turn of the century. Senator Benjamin Harrison introduced the first bill to make the Grand Canyon a national park in 1882. Unsuccessful, he introduced similar bills again in 1883 and 1886. Later, as president of the United States, Harrison made portions of the canyon a forest reserve in 1893.
In 1908 Roosevelt declared the Grand Canyon area a national monument under the powers granted to the president by the Antiquities Act.
On February 26, 1919, Woodrow Wilson signed the bill which made the canyon a national park.
Source: shannontech.com, wikipedia.com